The history of computer dates back to the era of scientific revolutions (i.e., 1543), when the Chinese invented the printing press. Printing was used for mass circulation and the new method gave way to pamphlets and maps. Chinese invented the term for computer, which later became the computer, also known as the ‘ophone’ or ‘puppy’ computer due to its resemblance to a puppy. The first history of computer was written in Chinese language from an English dictionary compiled by the scholar W.H. Johnson.
In the early years of computers, market sector was not developed as it is today. Thus, the market for computers was rather limited. Thus, the developing market sector of the world was not able to introduce wide-based innovations into the market. Thus, the computer history museum will be incomplete if we do not mention the impact of the electronic marketplace on the development of the market sector. In addition, the impact of the history of computer on the global economy is also significant.
Development of the first computers paved the way for the introduction of more powerful machines – i.e., the calculator and the telephone. Thus, even before the appearance of the first computer, calculators had already occupied a prominent place in the computing devices. The use of the calculator is attributed to the British officer and engineer Sir Alan Turing (18 94 – note), who made use of a machine for the first time in the Analytical Engine at Bletchley Park. However, the real contribution of the Calculator to computing could not be quantified until the appearance of the first computer – i.e., the National Automatic Computer (Nacelle) in 1894.
It is believed that the first computer was designed by the mathematician and inventor Alfredthaler who is attributed with the creation of the Univac computer. The first generation of univacs was based on the designs of Jef Verscheren and Rudolf Flesch, who were working toward making a machine which would mechanically deal with the multiplication and division of algebraic equations. The Univac, despite being considered as a revolution by the mathematical community, failed to gain momentum in the nineteenth century. However, its role in the industrial world is acknowledged and later on, the industrialists began using Univac machines in manufacturing.
Apart from the traditional definition given above, there are many other definitions that can be brought into play when considering the history of computer technology. One such definition is the cloud computing, which refers to the use of a network of remote servers to store data. In simple terms, the cloud has been defined as the collection of diverse mediums that support the exchange of information. Another definition is the software as a service or the SaaS stack. This type of definition refers to new business models for managing digital products such as e-commerce, customer relationship management, digital signage and other media that were traditionally managed through high-end hardware devices like personal computers.
The first generation of computers paved the way for the next generation of computers and their evolution. The third generation of computers gave us the multitasking capability of a system that allows users to work on multiple tasks at the same time. These were the predecessors of the present-day computers, the laptops and the tablet PCs. With the help of the fourth generation of computers, we were able to find applications for business online. Today, with the help of the Internet and its technological advancements, the world has been delivered of the ‘software as a service’ services. The fifth generation of computers gave us artificial intelligence, which made it possible for us to create complex programs, formulate complex problems and even make money.